Answer

Ranked Choice Voting addresses fundamental problems at the core of American democracy: how we choose our elected leaders and how we hold them accountable for their job performance. By improving how we vote, Ranked Choice Voting:

  • Fixes the spoiler effect: RCV largely resolves the issue of "vote splitting", where two similar candidates split up the vote so that a shared opponent wins. This means that

    • new candidates can enter tight two-way races without throwing the election

    • and voters can choose the candidate they really want without "wasting" their vote.

  • Opens elections to more competition: Eliminating the spoiler effect makes it possible for new candidates and new ideas to enter elections. Politicians in safe districts might actually have to compete for their seats. That means more accountability.
     
  • Better expresses voter preferences: A ranked ballot is a more expressive ballot

  • Encourages broad coalition building: Candidates have to builder broader coalitions to win the majority of votes.

  • Draws turnout: Making elections more interesting and more competitive will encourage more voter turnout (ensuring all voices are heard).

  • Discourages negative campaigning: Politicians want to earn voters second-place votes and don't want to alienate them by attacking their first choice.


See Benefits of RCV for more ways RCV can improve our elections.