Ranked choice voting (RCV) is a way to ensure elections are fair for all voters by ensuring that the winning candidate has support from the majority of voters. It addresses the problem of "vote splitting" in elections, making it possible for new candidates to enter races and for voters to vote their conscience.

How Ranked Choice Voting Works

Instead of picking just one candidate, you can rank as many as you like on your ballot, in order of preference 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc..

If a candidate receives more than 50% of the first choice votes, that candidate wins. However, if no candidate has more than 50% of the first choice votes, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and voters who picked that candidate as their first choice have their votes count for their second choice. This process continues until a candidate has more than 50% of the votes.

Watch this 90-second video about how RCV works.


Ranked Choice Voting:

  • Promotes majority support
  • Discourages negative campaigning
  • Provides more choices for voters
  • Saves money when replacing preliminary or runoff elections
  • Promotes reflective representation
  • Minimizes strategic voting
  • Increases participation from military and overseas voters

More Ranked Choice Voting Resources: